Since I had some trouble mounting the share of a AVM Fritzbox 7270 on my FreeNAS box, I did some research how to do it. The solution was quite easy after I figured why he was whining that he couldn’t find the server (turned out the VPN caused a problem with the NetBIOS resolution). The required share name was also one thing that irritated me since normally you can see that name when you browser the CIFS server. Here actually not, but this is nothing you can’t change with a bit of “smbutil view //server”. In the end the command to successfully mount the share on FreeBSD and Linux is as following:
It’s quite simple. The parameter “-I” is optional, same goes for the username. Set those as needed and fitting to your settings on the Fritzbox itself. If you need a username/password, he will ask for the password interactive. For how to setup this mount command without password prompt check the manual of smb.conf.
I was lately wondering how I could add copyright/creator information easy to my pictures. First I thought after some reading I could have my camera do it for me, but sadly it’s only available on the more expensive cameras. So how we can still do it without much pain? The solution is easy, it’s ExifTool. With it you can easily add Exif/IPTC information to your photos.
ExifTool is a commandline tool for Windows, OSX, Linux and more. On the website you find packages for Windows, OSX and on Linux/others use your package manager. Once installed, it’s an easy task. Open a commandline, navigate into your photo folder, and issue the following command:
The command overwrite the original files, if you don’t want that remove the “-overwrite_original” parameter. And yea, don’t forget to insert your name and change the licence to one of your liking. And if you want process whole folders recursive, then add the parameter “-r” to the line.
You wonder why all the stress ? Well, this way people can tell who made the picture and for what they can (not) use the picture. This especially interesting if you post them public like on G+, Flicker and so on where they can spread uncontrolled. Also it helps you tracking them (unless someone remove the infos).
Since I was looking the details how to tame the B.E.A.S.T. (Browser Exploit Against SSL/TLS) once again, I thought I write a few lines down about it. The exploit actually was discovered last year by Juliano Rizzo and Thai Duong. More details about the exploit can be found at h-online.com. To hinder the BEAST from attacking you, one way is to enable TLS 1.1 in your browser, but I plan to go another way.
I actually disable the vulnerable CBC modes. To archive this with apache and mod_ssl/mod_gnutls, do the following:
When I was fiddeling with mod_gnutls to get full power forward with the new Wildcard SSL Cert I got me, I came across the problem that Apache 2 was whining about the VirtualHost Overlap with a message like this:
[warn] _default_ virtualhost overlap on port 443, the first has precedence
Also, he refused to serve the content from the additional ssl vhost. After a little searching, I found on the page webchalk.hubpages.com the hint that let me fix this behavior. I just needed to add another NameVirtualHost directive to the ports.conf. So now it looks like this:
When I wanted to save me some hillarious video from YouTube I encontered a the problem to get the subtitles since they’re part of the fun. But thankfully I found a solution on Sourceforge called “Google2SRT“. With this lil’ program its piece a cake to grab the subtitles you want (except the automatic generated speech2text ones).
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Its very simple to use, just select Web, insert the URL of the YouTube video, hit “Read”. Then he present the found subtitles to you and after selecting which you want just hit “Go”. After that he grabs the subtitles and converts them into SRT (SubRip Subtitles) from where you can easily merge them into a MP4/MKV or edit/convert them into another formats. Since the program is written in JAVA it practially runs where JAVA runs, like Windows, Linux, OSX and more. Used it on a Ubuntu 12.04 (64 bit) and worked fine.
I came across DNxHD just a short while ago, searching for a solution to be able to fluent edit my videos from various occasions. So far it was a bit of a problem since the video editing software had trouble to decode it fast enough (we speak about 1920×1080 AVC video), and so it was a pain to just cut them into pieces. But with DNxHD its piece a cake, the only downside is the fact it need a lot of space (8 min equals ~11 gb when the video is 1920×1080) but the positive aspect is that its visually lossless. Before I used H264 lossless mode, but yea, same problems as with the AVC files from the cam itself, through a bit better since its not in M2TS format anymore. I really wish they would finally add VDAPU (nvidia) and its AMD counterpart to the known video editors. Anyway, to convert a source m2ts to our DNxHD mov (yes, Quicktime, otherwise it won’t work) just do the following on a console after navigating into your video folder:
Here I convert the live performance of Shiroku that I captured on the Dokomi this year into DNxHD for editing. The file also needs deinterlacing and decimate since its taken in 50i. If you capture in 60i (NTSC) you want to change the “-r 25″ to “-r 30″. Also you can change here already the resolution if you plan to use a lower res later or your camera actually takes a lower res. To do so change the “-s HxW” parameter, for example for 720p go for “-s 1280×720″. When you change the picture size you also can change the video bit rate. I found a useful table at this page. Currently ffmpeg just support 8 bit DNxHD, and through that our video editing software also only support 8 bit since practically all software on Linux use ffmpeg for de/en-coding in the end. If you system don’t have “avconv” just replace it with “ffmpeg”. I migrate from the ffmpeg to the avconv command since with ffmpeg-0.8 the “ffmpeg” command is marked as legacy. Also I found it quite useful to export from my video editing software to DNxHD, and encode the material with Handbrake. The DNxHD export works way faster than the usual H264 export, and Handbrake tends to encode the H264 more efficient then the video editing software does. If you still look for software to edit with, here is a list of software I use(d):
First of all, a (usual) word of warning: PLEASE BE CAREFUL AND ONLY PLAY WITH THESE MENUS IF YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING! If you do not know what you do there, it’s quite possible to get unwanted effects and in worst case you might even destroy the panel/circuit boards or just lock yourself out of the device^^.
But after that, there are 2 menu’s which you can use. Let’s begin with the more interesting of them, the so-called “hotel menu”. Why more interesting? Well, most settings I can imagine that are useful to you are to be found in this one. To access it press and hold the button “-/V” and while holding it press in a fast sequence the “AV” button or “TV/AV” button (depending on your remote).
Then a new menu opens, and there you find the settings. Here are some hints on what settings save and which put your device in the danger of becoming unusable unless a service tech undo those:
“Initial INPUT”: Let you select which input gets selected on startup (like HDMI1/2/3,TV,etc)
“Inital VOL level”: The sound volume at startup
“Maximum VOL level”: how loud can you make them at most, nice to keep the kids from overdoing it^^
“Inital POS”: let you select the TV channel that he selects at startup
“Remote lock”: deactivates the remote control
“button lock”: deactivates the buttons on the TV itself
And for those who know what they’re doing and who really want into the so-called “service menu”, you can use it via pressing and holding “-/V” on the tv and at the same time repeated pressing “0″ on the remote. Navigation gets done by the colored buttons on the remote. But I can’t really give any information on that menu, since I don’t have the knowledge, just came along those information at some page.
And a last warning, I don’t take any responsiblity for those information to be correct and/or flawless since those are inofficial and so can be wrong. It is up to you if you want to make use of them or not, and the later results are also your responsibility.
Borrowed Gears of War 2 from a friend to give it a whirl, and ended up confused. When I tried to install it like usual, the XBOX kind hung up (well, couldn’t get out of the install screen and no progress). After a bit searching around, and getting annoyed by all the guides focusing on pirating the game instead of addressing my problem I finally found in the xblsenioren.de forum the suggestion: “Cut the internet connection (or just log out of XBOX Live), and then install it”. I first thought they must be joking, but heck it solves mysteriously the problem with the Gears of War 2 installation. Its currently installing like nothing ever happened, weird error.
I had this annoying color bug that showed everything with a blue dust over it, like on YouTube. To fix call a page with Flash and then do a right-click, go to settings. There select the first tab and deactivate the hardware accerlaction. Then load a page with a flash video player, and enjoy watching flash video again. This works only for the Flash from Adobe.
When I was looking at mailheaders again (it became kind of a hobby, and this proves you learn from it^^) I was noticing one of my incoming mails was transfered via ESMTPS. So far I knew SMTP and ESMTP but ESMTPS was appearently a new. Turned out it was ESMTP via secure transportlayer, or like RFC 3848 defines it: “The new keyword ‘ESMTPS’ indicates the use of ESMTP when STARTTLS is also successfully negotiated to provide a strong transport”. So I became curious, how can I do that too? After a bit searching I came across the setting smtp_tls_security_level in postfix and yes, after setting it to ‘may’ it did the trick. So now if the server supports STARTTLS he opens a encrypted connection with the remote server for the transfer. You need to set a bit more to make it working without any errors, here is what you need to do on a Ubuntu 10.04 (Debian and others should work similar):
We set only smtp_tls_security_level to ‘may’ cause otherwise with ‘encrypt’ the remote server is forced to support STARTTLS, if he does not the transfer fails. So with may encryption gets used when supported. Loglevel 1 gives you a short notice when a safe connection was established and what cipher got used. Like this:
Mar 14 00:22:08 utgard postfix/smtp: setting up TLS connection to gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com[220.127.116.11]:25
Mar 14 00:22:08 utgard postfix/smtp: Trusted TLS connection established to gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com[18.104.22.168]:25: TLSv1 with cipher RC4-SHA (128/128 bits)
Mar 14 00:22:09 utgard postfix/smtp: 6A591E6C2C3: to=, relay=gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com[22.214.171.124]:25, delay=0.9, delays=0.01/0.03/0.13/0.73, dsn=2.0.0, status=sent (250 2.0.0 OK 1331680929 s26si2913819weq.13)
And last but not least, we need to set the path to where he can find the ca-certificates to validate the remote servers certificate. Otherwise we get a entry saying a untrusted connection gets used, means he encrypts but can’t verify the remote identity. In Ubuntu (Debian) inside the chroot path of postfix lies a file containing all ca-certificates, we just need to point postfix to it. The normal path is not accessable from inside the chroot. Thanks to Alain Kelder to point this out. With all that done, our server is good and enabled to send out his outgoing mail to other smtp servers using a secure transport layer. You can go even further and for example force encryption for specific servers on a per-site basis. But since thats not the scope of this article, please refer to the postfix TLS documentation for that. There you find also information how to optimise the encryption by disabling/enabling ciphers and similar.